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Music
Vienna Connect > Guide > Vienna > MusicMusic

Music

Vienna has a truly rich musical history. Some of the greatest composers are from Vienna. All over the city they have beautiful opera buildings. The Akademietheater is considered one of the best theatres in the European continent. Besides Akademietheater there is also the Volkstheater and the Theatre in der Josefstadt, these theatres are also quite excellent.

Classical music will always have a place in Vienna. Even today you can see a lot of classical music pieces… and when I say a lot, I really mean a lot.
Of course the greatest musicians of the world all lived one time or another in Vienna Like:

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (1756-1791)
His father taught him at a tender age of 4 how to play the piano. His father took his children with on tour true ought Europe. He wrote his first symphony when he was 8 years old. In 1781 Mozart moved to Vienna at an age of 25.
In 1782 every thing went the right way, it was an excellent year for Mozart's career. The opera he created, Die Entführung aus dem Serail ("The Abduction from the Seraglio") was well received. He did a series of concerts at which he played on his own piano concertos as a conductor and soloist. He died at the young age of 35 years old. Mozart was not a person who knew how to spend his money. He had big debts and he had always problems. When died he was buried in a mass sepulchre.  In that short time, he did leave his mark on classical music.

Ludwig von Beethoven (1770-1827)
Although he wasn’t born in Vienna he did life most of his life in Vienna. In 1787 Beethoven moved to Vienna. He is considered as one of the best composers the world has ever seen.
In 1794 Beethoven discovered that he had some hearing troubles. He had no hearing at all in 1818. Within that time he produced several symphonies and opera’s "Eroica Symphonie", "Symphonie No.5" his one and only opera "Fidelio" and when he was pretty much deaf he composed the "Choral Symphony, No.9". Although he was almost deaf he still made great music. You can visit his grave at the Zentralfriedhof, Vienna

Joseph Haydn (1732-1809)
At the age of 8 Haydn started of as a choirboy. Ten years later at the age of 18 he started with his real love, composing music. Haydn has inspired a lot of other great musicians, such as; Mozart and Beethoven. In 1791 he live for approximately one year in London, In London the Oxford University gave him an honorary doctor of music. Perhaps his most famous song is "God Save The Emperor Franz". They used an apart of that song in the German national anthem. Until this day forward you can still hear it in the German national anthem.

Franz Schubert (1797-1828)
Franz Schubert might not have been as famous as his other Viennese colleagues, his work was quite refreshing to the world. Even tough Schubert died at a too young of an age (31 years old), he did leave his mark on this world. Before he died he wrote more then some six hundred romantic songs.
In 1815 he had has best year ever. A lot of his music was a great success. Schubert used a poem by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe in his song "Der Erlkönig".
In 1822 he became ill. He had the disease syphilis and died because of it in 1828. after his death Robert Schumann found in 1838, on a visit to Vienna, a dusty manuscript of the C major symphony (the "Great"). You can visit his grave Schubert's grave in the Zentralfriedhof, Vienna.


Johann Strauss Jr. (1825-1899)
Strauss Jr. was born in Vienna. Strauss Jr. is especially known for his Waltzes. The waltz was so popular in the 19th century mainly because of him. He changed the waltz from a dance that was mainly for peasants to sparkling entertainment for the royal Habsburg court.
In a later stadium of his life he started writing operettas. His first operetta was a huge success. It was called "Die Fledermaus" and premiered in 1871. Four years later he released "Der Zigeunerbaron".
Perhaps his most loved song ever by the Viennese people is "Schöne Blaue Donau". The Viennese love this song because it feels like a part of them.


Johann Strauss Sr. (1804-1899)
The Strauss family is well known around the world. Strauss Sr. isn’t as famous as his son. He learned to play violin at his stepfather’s pension. He became a member of the Ignaz Michaël Palmer orchestra. When a he joined the Lanner orchestra he became one the most respected member. When the orchestra became too big they split the group. One of the groups would be lead by Johan Strauss Sr. In 1830 he was de leader of several orchestra’s. Strauss and the waltz were ruling over Vienna. Johan Strauss has written more then 275 songs and now a day’s they are barely being used.

Johannes Brahms (1833-1897)
At a young age Brahms got affiliated with music. His own father was a musician. Brahms was a big fan of Beethoven. He aspired to be in the same league as Beethoven. An other musician that he admired was Johan Strauss Jr. From 1872 until 1875 he composed the "Gesellschaft der Musikfreunde in Wien". Although was born in Hamburg, Germany he lost his hart in Vienna. He has spent his last 25 years in Vienna. He conducted 4 symphonies and 2 serenades in his live time. Brahms' grave can be found in the Zentralfriedhof, Vienna.


Arnold Schönberg (1874-1951)
Arnold Schönberg is known as the last great composer that came from Vienna. He is a true Viennese, he was born in the Leopoldstadt District. What’s especially admirable is that he taught him self to play musical instruments. Schönberg was a very creative person, he innovated the classical music in several ways.
Because he was of Jewish descent he had to leave Europe during the war. He spent his last years in the United Stases of America.

Vienna Boys' Choir
Every four weeks there is a concert by the Vienna Boys’ Choir. The Vienna Boys’ choir is the oldest boy’s choir in the world. The choir started in 1498. The choir has worked with some of the greatest conductors known to the world. They even worked with the most famous composer of them all Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. You recognize the Vienna Boys’ Choir because of there Sailor ensemble. That was introduced in 1920, by a private investor who made sure that the Choir would not be cancelled. That dress code still is in use. Most choristers are 11 to 14 years old. They attend school together and are getting an excellent musical education. Their concerts are usually sold out at an early stage.


Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
They are the first professional orchestra in Vienna. They were founded in 1848. They have worked in the past with great conductors such as: Mozart, Beethoven, Haydn and much more. Until this day they are world famous for their beautiful classical music. One of the highlight on the Viennese calendar is the Neujahrskonzert, is concert is broadcast all over the world. The concert is dedicated to the Strauss family and the Waltz. The Musikverein is the home of the Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra. It’s a beautiful classical looking building which worth a visit.

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